PRINCIPLE OF LCTIC OPERATION
LCTIC ( Liquid Ceramic Thermal Insulation Coating ) consists of 80% from ceramic and silicone microspheres with diameter of 10-30μm and 50-80µm respectively, and for 20% from mixture of acrylic cohesive and special additives.Hollow silicone microspheres located in acrylic composition in suspension turn to be "besieged" by hollow ceramic microspheres with rarefied air inside. As a result substance is formed consisting of special clusters each one of which is hollow silicone microsphere, besieged by several vacuumized ceramic microspheres.
Such structure is necessary so that LCTIC composition could operate as a multilayer thermos, which has rarefied air as layers. Ceramic microspheres have high reflecting power, and silicone microspheres form finest layer between them. Thus 1mm thick 1m2 of LCTIC surface reflects the same volume of infrared light as 50 m2 of special foil with cells from rarefied air between layers.
PROPERTIES OF LCTIC
- Can be applied on any surfaces: metal, concrete, brick, plaster, plastic, glass, wood;
- Due to liquid consistence it can be applied by brush, roller or spray gun on surfaces of any shape and structure in the most hard-to-reach places;
- As for the cost of operations it saves 25% - 40% in comparison with conventional insulants, and as for the terms of operations – savings are several times more!
- Operating temperature interval from - 60С to +170С, this provides its use in places where foamed polyurethane and other “foam” materials cannot be used;
- Can be applied on surfaces with temperatures +7С…+150С, which allows carrying out work with no downtime;
- Forms flexible polymer water proof and erosion proof surfaces;
- Resistant to drops in temperature and ultraviolet rays;
- Its service life is several times longer than of traditional insulation;
- It has high durability, resistant to mechanical effects and does not require additional coating layer for thermal insulation of pipelines or protective plastering for thermal insulation of building structures;
- Due to high flexibility it is resistant to dynamic effects (blows, mechanical pressure);
- In case of mechanic damages it is easy to recover, while conventional types of thermal insulation materials require dismantling of dozens of square meters of insulation;
- Easy to use (does not require additional specialists), which provides additional savings;
- Not flammable, that’s why it can be applied at hazardous facilities;
- Environmentally friendly, does not require additional ventilation during operation. Contains only environmentally friendly components, that’s why it can be applied inside the premises as well, including catering establishments and child welfare institutions;
- Supplied in white color, but can be tinted to any color and the esthetic view is equal to any other paint.
HISTORY OF LCTIC FORMATION
Liquid Ceramic Thermal Insulator LCTIC owes its creation to… space!!!
Way back in the 1970s space exploration scientists in the USA and the USSR worked on creating materials for outer coating of reusable space shuttles (Shuttle in the USA, and Buran in the USSR ).
Ceramics is known to be material which can resist temperature over +1000С, however mounting and maintenance of ceramic sheets which were firstly planned to be used for coating of space vehicles, turned out to be not quite producible procedure.
As alternative for ceramic sheets, technology of producing ceramic vacumized microspheres was developed. They could become a lightweight, producible and unique thermal insulation material being a part of special masticor paint.
In the course of time such liquid thermal insulation materials became widely used in the USA and other countries of the world and later in Russia as well.
Having implemented thermal insulation actions at tens of living and industrial buildings, facilities of fuel and energy complex, petrol industry and many others, we can certainly declare that liquid ceramic thermal insulators are the present and the future of energy saving technologies.
Name of indications
Unit of measurement
Color of coating
can be colored
External appearance of coating
Surface is mat, smooth, homogeneous
Flexural resilience of film
Adhesion of coating
until degree 3 at 20 °С
Hardness of coating in 7 days
Covering power of dried film
Rinsability of film
GOST 28 196-89*
Resistance of coating to static impact of waterat 20°С in 24 hours
GOST 9.403-80* А method
Resistance of coating to static impact of 5% sodium chloride solution at +20°С in 2 years (film thickness is 3mm)
Yellowing on the surface
at the depth up to 0.3 mm
Internal layers without
Adhesion of coating
- to concrete surface
- to brick surface
Adhesion of coating as per pry-out force after drop in t from - 40 °С to +60 °С:
- to concrete surface
Resistance of coating to impact of drop in temperature from -40°С to + 60°С
Scuff resistance of coating for falling quartz sand
GOST 208 11-75 А method
Whiteness (brightness) of coating (К of reflection at geometry angle 0/45)
as per methodon FB-2 device
whiteness % of diffuse disipation:
- after application
- in 10 years
Water absorption at capillary suction:
- in 24 hours
as per ЕТАG method
Service life for concrete and metal surfaces in moderate cold climate region (Moscow)
Not less than 10
Specific heat capacitance
Water vapor permeability
mg/m hr Pa
Resistance to watervapor permeation
m2 hr Pa/mg
Density in dry condition
Density in liquid condition
Relative elongation at fracture
Relative elongation at fracture after accelerated ageing - 10 years
- after accelerated ageing 10 years
Temperature of transportation and storage
Surface temperature at material application
Package (bucket, l)
Gross Weight, kg
Net Weight, kg
Top Diameter, сm
Bottom Diameter, сm
Finished material is poured into plastic buckets with volume of 5, 10 and 19 liters.
- Building’s Facade insulation
- Attics and Balconies
- Roof insulation (Application outside or inside the roof)
- Basement insulation
- Window/Door Slopes Insulation
- Insulation of Inter Panel Joints
- Lodges & Balconies Insulation
- Removal of “Thermal Bridges”
- Radiator Wall Insulation
- Heating Systems and Pipelines of Hot and Cold Water Supply
- Air conditioning Systems and Ventilation Ducts
- Treatment of Monolithic Slabs
- Prefabricated Housing
- Swimming Pools
- Storages and Cold Storage
- Food Industry
- Oil/Gas/Petrochemical Industry
- Manufacture and Production
- Consumer Goods
Liquid thermal insulation coating series LCTIC are developed for various spheres of human activity and eco protection. During the construction and renovation phase of buildings and structures thermal insulation is a definite must, especially in times where energy conservation is a priority. With additional fireproofing properties, they are the ideal and best solutions for residential and industrial building as well.
When applying LCTIC to reconstructed structures, you do not create additional burden on the foundation design as well as the construction. The structures will not only be able to withstand changes in temperature and humidity, but also from UV light and other damaging environmental effects .
Among other benefits, LCTIC has excellent water vapor permeability, hence during wall construction, insulated cover LCTIC does not accumulate moisture from the room and therefore prevents hazardous material to build up, such as mold.
LCTIC also has waterproofing properties; therefore coated surfaces will not become wet from rain and moisture.
Building’s Facade insulation
Buildings with facade architecture must be protected against fire, wind and all weather elements. In addition, there are legal building requirements such as thermal, fire protection, and designs to avoid thermal bridges that must be compliant to local government standards. Energy lost through facade surfaces of an average single family dwelling present as much as 30% of energy necessary for heating. This becomes relatively higher in multi-occupied buildings.
LCTIC is a great solution for historical buildings with beautiful facades that need to be preserved. Due to its liquid form, LCTIC can be applied directly on the facade's surface, despite the complexity in design of some historical facade designs. This cannot be achieved with conventional insulation material without compromising the aesthetical appearance of the structure.
Attics and Balconies
Attic condensation can be a significant problem. Everyday activities such as bathing, cooking and doing laundry produce moisture in the form of water vapor. As for balconies, the ends of the balcony slabs are known thermal bridges, which a great amount of heat/cold is lost leading to unnecessary costs for heating/cooling.
Roof insulation (Application outside or inside the roof)
Using LCTIC for roof insulation will reduce heat losses in winter and the cost of air-conditioning in summer. Colder climates require higher R-value insulation to ensure that less heat is lost through the roof of your home. LCTIC preserves the convective heat inside during the winter and creates a warmer atmosphere. The insulation will also help keep the cool air inside during the warm weather. Applying LCTIC diminishes the amount of energy required for the heating and cooling inside of the building and thus permits us to run heating and cooling device less and making them last longer with reduced energy cost. It can help replace bigger size HVAC equipment for large building with smaller ones that are more energy and cost efficient. Application of LCTIC also decreases the chance for thermal and moisture condensation creating problems like mold, mildew, rot and dripping.
Basements are mostly located below ground level, so they are cool and damp by nature. They can also account for significant heat loss from a home. Porous foundations allow cold air and water to seep in; flooding or bad drainage can allow water to run in through cracks. This is where insulation with LCTIC comes in. Applied properly, the insulation will make basements comfortable; limit escaping heat and help keep moisture at bay.
- Minimize thermal bridging and reduce heat loss through the foundation.
- Provide some protection against moisture intrusion.
- Make the foundation part of the thermal mass of the conditioned space, thereby reducing interior temperature swings.
- Reduce the potential for condensation on surfaces in the basement.
- Conserve room area from the inside; more usable space
Walls, roofs, floors, ceilings, beams frames and structural elements: insulation does not take up much space (the same amount as regular paint); the material is flexible and durable; it can be applied to any geometrical shape, has a high level of thermal insulation and is ideal for anti -condensation ceiling/wall/joint and etc. insulation.
Window/Door Slopes Insulation
One of the most significant sources of heat/cold loss in any house occurs through windows slopes. The percentage of heat/cold loss through windows slopes makes up to 20% of all possible thermal losses. Moisture often begins to condense at the top or in the bottom of the slope due to insufficient insulation, and as a consequence, fungus, mold, and pathogens appear. Due to its ultra slim coat LCTIC perfectly eliminates this problem. Application of 1-1.5 mm of LCTIC will forever solve this issue; will keep indoor temperatures comfortable and prevent the emergence of mold.
Insulation of Inter Panel Joints
When making a thermal imaging survey of a panel house, you will immediately notice that the joints radiate heat more than the rest of the walls. This fact suggests that these sections of the wall lose heat more than others and need additional thermal protection. Also hydro insulation of joints need frequent repairs and maintenance.
The insulating coating LCTIC helps solve both problems at once. LCTIC is ideal for treatment of the joints in prefabricated houses due to its hydro and thermal insulating properties. Application of LCTIC will reduce labor costs for weatherization of the inter panel joints and will eliminate the need for additional waterproofing coating.
Lodges & Balconies Insulation
Insulating a lodge is often the most daunting task. How to insulate a lodge without losing its most valuable living space? When insulating a balcony or lodge by classical methods, a lot of useful, usable area will be lost. Applying LCTIC insulation in the lodge will allow for effective thermal protection but will not take up usable square footage in the room. This will also solve problems of condensation and heat loss through “thermal bridges”.
Removal of “Thermal Bridges”
A thermal bridge occurs when there is a gap between materials and structural surfaces. The main thermal bridges in a building are found at the junctions of: facings and floors, facings and cross walls; facings and roofs, facings and low floors. They also occur each time there is a gap between doors, windows, ledges, etc... The ends of the balcony slab (especially in panel and frame construction), are thermal bridges and can cause condensation on the inner surface of the building structure and its attenuation. Through the ends of the plates, a great amount of heat/cold is lost leading to unnecessary costs for heating/cooling. Application of LCTIC at the ends of balcony slabs, junctions of facings and floors, facings and cross walls; facings and roofs, facings and low floors completely eliminates the problem of thermal bridges.
Radiator Wall Insulation
Window slopes are not the only place in the house requiring thermal protection. If you pay attention to the wall surface of the radiators you can notice that the wall behind the radiator is destroyed much faster. This is due to the fact that most of the radiated heat is absorbed by the wall. One side of the wall is located in close proximity to the radiator; its back side is exposed to external factors (differences of humidity, temperature, UV radiation). This difference between the impact inside and outside the wall leads to premature loosening and fracture of building construction.
LCTIC coating applied on the section of the wall behind the radiator eliminates not only this phenomenon, but also significantly increases the temperature in the room due to the fact that the heat emitted by the radiator is not absorbed by the wall but is reflected in the room.
Heating Systems and Pipelines of Hot and Cold Water Supply
Pipes in buildings that service heating systems must be insulated in order to reduce the flow of heat to or from the medium carried by the pipes. This may be necessary for various reasons:
- Economic (the cost of power losses).
- To reduce heat/cold loss and to eliminate condensation and icing. Insulate valves and other surfaces with complicated shapes.
- Condensation (the temperature difference between the surface of the pipes)
- Limitation of temperature change (Industrial applications may have requirements in respect of the maximum temperature change of the transported medium that can occur). LCTIC is perfect solution for the pipelines thermal insulation as it is possible to apply the material on hot surfaces up to 150 C, which allows to carry works without system shutdown. With the use of special modification Frost coating, outdoor work can be carried out in -20 C air temperature during the winter season.
Air conditioning Systems and Ventilation Ducts
Ventilation systems require thermal insulation in order to restrict and control heat loss. For financial and environmental reasons, it is important to reduce unnecessary heat/cold loss in ducts that transport warm/cold air. If the cool air in the duct is heated by the surrounding air, the HVAC system functions less effectively and will need more energy to maintain the ducts correct temperature. If the ducts are properly insulated, the whole ventilation system will work as designed and you need less equipment calibration. Huge problems occur when condensation builds up on the outside of ducts containing material with a lower temperature than the ambient air temperature. With high humidity, the air can easily condense on the outer surface of ducts. When this happens, water starts to drip and causes damage, such as discoloration and mold to ceilings and floors. Over time, water can cause damage to the ducts and reduce their service life. Condensation also occurs inside the duct if the situation is reversed.
To save energy, reduce cold loss, and eliminate condensation.
Treatment of Monolithic Slabs
Slabs lose energy primarily as a result of heat conducted outward and through the perimeter of the slab. In most cold areas of the world insulating the exterior edge of the slab can reduce winter heating bills by 10 to 20 percent. Slab insulation is important not only to save on energy bills, but also to improve comfort. Cold concrete slabs are one of the most notorious sources of discomfort in a home. Installing slab insulation around the perimeter of the slab will reduce heat loss and make the slab easier to heat. An insulated slab also provides thermal mass to store heat and moderates indoor temperatures. Another big advantage is that treatment of monolithic slabs ends during frame construction.
Joint treatment in prefabricated houses can combine the process of hydro and thermal insulation. Due to thin walls and lack of usable space, LCTIC is the perfect solution because it is light weight; ensuring that prefab modules and parts will not be heavy or thick. LCTIC application can significantly reduce heat/cold loss when used in accordance with professional construction standards and regulations. It also effectively eliminates fungus, condensation, and icing.
Insulating the sides of the pool and floors are important. It will guarantee that up to 15-30% of the pool’s heat will be retained, ensuring valuable conservation of energy. Studies suggest that between 70-85% of heat loss is from the pool’s surface.
Covering a pool when it is not in use is the single most effective means of reducing pool heating costs. A continuous cover coated with LCTIC will also act like a giant thermal shield for the pool, imparting heat into the water.
Storages and Cold Storage
Storing facilities have an especially strict guideline in terms of storage setup. Due to the nature of the industry, the basic costs of running such facilities, whether at half or full capacity, are very high. Energy consumption, corrosion, mold infestation, and many other combinations of problems exist when handling such delicate environments.
The composition of LCTIC meets all standards across the spectrum: from sanitary and epidemiological to fire safety standards. In addition, it does not contain fiber components while it’s resistant to weathering and a variety of chemical damages. It is also durable and is light in weight. Amazingly, it can be easily applied to surfaces of any form and composition simply by brushing or spraying it on directly. Not only is LCTIC cost-effective, it is also energy-effective. In a very short time, money spent on LCTIC is quickly recuperated just from the amount saved from reductions in energy usage.
Recommended Equipment for Thermal Insulation to Improve Energy Saving:
- Surface reservoirs and technological components
- Pipe network nodes and valves;
- Support structures with targeted needs for thermal insulation and waterproofing;
- Processing equipment;
- Building, floor and roof structures;
- Heating system equipment and components;
- Duct systems;
When dealing with food, temperature control and therefore, epidemiological prevention, takes top priority. That is why LCTIC will be the perfect partner to any company directly involved with this industry. The coatings do not contain fiber components so it is safe near food. It is easy to wash and meets the strict sanitary requirements for food production. It can be directly brushed or sprayed onto the surface of any structure or shape. Liquid consistency allows LCTIC’s application of insulating coatings and staining method (including non-contactual methods) on the valve of any type, without stopping the process, even in areas with difficult access.
LCTIC can be applied on:
- Cookers of all sizes;
- Steam Boilers and Pipes;
- Heat Exchangers;
- Mixing and Processing Tanks;
- Assembly line machinery; and various assortments of food processing equipment.
Pipelines are built to transport many different types of products between two destinations across great distances. Sewage, water, slurry, and beer have all been transported via pipelines, but none as much as crude petroleum and refined petroleum products. It is the most valuable transport of all. Yet, on average, there are minimally 10 different pipeline accidents in the U.S. alone involving ruptures and corrosion because of the properties of metal and its exposure to the surrounding environment. With an average lifespan of 50 years, pipelines are expected to spill between 11-90 times.
Not just pipelines, the various stations that compose the entire pipeline system are at risk of the same potential dangers as the pipelines themselves. With LCTIC coating, it is expected that both the pipelines and the different stations will not only reduce energy consumption, their life expectancies are expected to increase.
Coatings with LCTIC will help insulate the heat and lower the cost of energy usage. In the winter, heat loss within the compound will decline; overheating in the summer will be cut. Simultaneously, condensation is eliminated, avoiding corrosion or oxidation. Coatings form a layer of protective anti-corrosive shielding, helping to increase the service life of components. LCTIC coating in combination with our Anticor coating is a solution for the oil vaporization in oil/gas storages. All of this will help ensure that the earth is more energy friendly.
LCTIC coating can be applied on:
- Initial injection station infrastructure;
- Compressor/pump stations;
- Partial delivery stations;
- Block valve stations;
- Regulator stations;
- Outlet Stations; and Other parts of the distribution network.
Manufacture and Production
Production is the most energy-intensive sector of modern times. The intensity of energy ingestion during the production process is inevitably reflected in the cost of production. Coatings, like LCTIC, can:
- Significantly reduce heat loss
- Prevent condensation
- Ensure the safety of personnel near high-temperature equipment.
LCTIC coatings have sufficient flexibility, high adhesion, and resistance to a number of chemicals and long-term dynamic loads. It also withstands against temperature changes and moisture, and protects against corrosion.
LCTIC coatings offer an easy way to improve energy efficiency and reduce costs. LCTIC can be used by the textile industry to insulate dye machines, steam pipes, boilers, heat exchangers, and other equipment to significantly reduce energy costs.
LCTIC is also beneficial to the tire manufacturing. With thermal insulation, tire curing presses, vulcanization containers, steam pipes, steam valves, boilers, power- house piping, tanks, rubber/ extruders can all be maintained better and so ensure the longevity of the machinery.
In paper manufacturing applications, processes and machineries that will benefit greatly from LCTIC include: Paper machine dryer unit; condensation prevention; process fluid lines, steam pipelines, heat carrying valves and fittings, storage tanks, chiller lines; and a variety of other aspects.
On average, reduction in energy consumption for textile or tire manufacturing applications with LCTIC is 20 percent or higher. The coating’s ability to insulate effectively and provide protection from moisture and corrosion is highly efficient. Your own maintenance crew or contractor can easily coat LCTIC onto any object of your choice. What’s more, there is minimal downtime affecting your daily operations.
LCTIC energy saving coating technology is starting to be used worldwide to help insulate buildings, equipment and machinery. It reduces energy consumption, lowers carbon emissions, and improves worker environment and safety, protects plant assets and decreases maintenance costs. You cannot go wrong using this product.
Transportation and logistics is a huge aspect of the production line. Since transportation involved the moving of objects from one destination to another, it means that the products go through rigorous carrier handlings. Whether by boat, plane, train, or truck, each type of transport could potentially damage parts, or all, of the shipment. In this sense, vibrations become a cause and problem for the duration of the transport. LCTIC insulation is indispensable for any kind of transport options. LCTIC can be applied to any internal and external surface of cars, trucks and other passenger vehicles. LCTIC is ultra lightweight and ultra-low volume with the highest vibration resistance. It is also resistant to weathering, while maintaining an environmental friendliness to Earth.
- Application of LCTIC for the insulation of refrigerators not only increases the effective area of the main body, but also greatly reduces its weight in comparison with the "classical" heaters.
- LCTIC can be applied to marine and river vessels.
- The composition of LCTIC (elasticity and being light in weight) makes it indispensable for use in these areas.
For thermal insulation of surfaces (metal, concrete, brick, cement, plaster, plastic, glass, wood)
- Metal surface
Before applying LCTIC coating, the surface should be cleaned from all possible dirt and old coatings. After that the surface should be degreased. If the surface has deep corrosion damage, phosphating composition should be applied.
- Brick surface
For better adhesion of the coating, the surface should first be cleaned of efflorescence and old coating with a spatula and stiff wire brush, and then make surface treatment with biocide.
- Lime plaster surface
When coating an easily crumbling plastered surface, acrylic primer with deep penetration should be applied. To fill pores and voids in "old" plaster, colorless acrylic primer should be used.
- Coated surfaces
Before putting Isollat onto coated surfaces, they should be washed with ammonia or soda solution (1 liter of 25% ammonia per 10 liters of water). Then, apply colorless acrylic primer and the surface is ready for painting.
- Concrete surfaces
The surface should be cleaned from dust and dirt particles (with brushing), from mold (with solution of bleach and water 1:3), from oil (with solution of copper sulfate).
- Wood surfaces
Wood is prone to water absorption, flammability and can be subject to biological damage. Therefore, it is necessary to apply primer with fire retardants and/or biocides.
ATTENTION: LCTIC coating should be applied to a metal surface, temperature of which is not more than 120°C and not below +6°C, at that the surface temperature should be equal or above the ambient temperature .
The material should be applied at air temperature above +5C and relative humidity less than 75%. Each layer thickness should be not more than 0.5 mm with intermediate drying of each layer as follows:
- not less than 6 hours at air humidity at or lower 50% and above +19C
- not less than 12 hours at air humidity over 50% and +19C.
Use water to wash the instrument.
Operative conditions: +150C and peak time of 3 hours +170C
Storage conditions: at air temperature +5C… +35C for 12 months.
For thermal insulation of roof surfaces. Where water resisitance is required.
Innovative insulation material for facades with the effect of photocatalysis. Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation and moisture -hydrogen peroxide is released, which "cleans" facade systems of organic compounds. It is used in the reconstruction of architectural monuments and facades, including those with complex shape and configuration.
The material should be applied at air temperature above +5C and relative humidity less than 75%. Each layer thickness should be not more than 0.5 mm with intermediate drying of each layer as follows:
- 6 hours with humidity of 50% or lower (+20C)
- At relative humidity over 50% not less than 12 hours at air and/or surface temperature… +20C.
Use water to wash the instrument.
Material can be stored at air temperature up to -40C and after defrosting remain its features.
Each layer thickness should be not more than 0.5 mm with intermediate drying of each layer as follows:
- At relative humidity of over 50% not less than 12 hours at air and/or surface temperature above +20C
- At not less than 6 hours at air and/or surface temperature between +5C… +20C.
Storage conditions: at air temperature -40C… +35C for 12 months.
For thermal insulation of surfaces in high humidity areas.
- Metal surface
- Thermal Insulation of Houses
- Thermal insulation of architectural monuments
- Thermal Insulation of Balconies and Loggias
- Thermal insulation of interior walls
- Thermal insulation of inter-panel joints and seams
- Insulation of Hangars and Garages
- Insulation of Mobile Homes
- Thermal Insulation of Facades
- Thermal Insulation of Metal Structures
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR STORAGE, TRANSPORTATION AND APPLICATION OF LCTIC (LIQUID CERAMIC THERMAL INSULATION COATING )
1. Storage and transportation
Store and transport liquid ceramic coatings LCTIC in a cool (but not cold) place, in tightly closed (sealed) containers, at ambient air temperature of +5°С minimum.
LCTIC-M shall be stored at above-zero temperatures. Transportation of LCTIC-M is allowable at below-zero temperatures.
2. Preparation of LCTIC coatings for application
Before use or after a break in application, stir LCTIC liquid ceramic coating thoroughly.
It is recommended to stir LCTIC coatings at stirring head rotation speed of 100 – 150 RPM maximum (stirring at higher RPM may cause mechanical destruction of the hollow ceramic spheres and, as a result, damage to the product). Vary the blade angle while lowering the blade to the bottom of the bucket and raising it again.
Continue vertical movements of the blade while making rotational movements along the inner radius of the bucket.
Stir the product to obtain a homogeneous mass with consistency equivalent to that of normal sour cream.
Caution: It is not recommended to dilute LCTIC with water, because this may cause undesirable changes in the product. However, if the coating becomes too thick or clotty, or a thick crust appears on its surface (because of incorrect or too long storage), add water in small portions (50 to 120 ml per 19 liters of the product) while stirring it thoroughly to obtain viscosity equivalent to that of sour cream.
During painting operations involving LCTIC-M at below-zero temperatures (down to minus 15° С) it is recommended to use the material, which was stored in a warm place at a temperature of +10°С minimum, and stir the material before starting work. Apply LCTIC-M during 1 or 2 hours from 1 bucket, to avoid excessive viscosity and hardening.
If the material has hardened, warm it up in a warm place and stir thoroughly; then continue the painting operations.
3. Surface preparation
· Metal surface
Remove old peeled-off coating and dirt from the surface to be coated (this operation shall be done mechanically, using metal brushes, doctor blade, roller cutters or scrapers), and degrease the surface using gasoline.
If the surface displays large areas of deep-seated rust, cover the surface with phosphating compound SF-1 or equivalent to remove corrosion (SF-1 layer thickness should be 0.01 – 0.05 mm); after the application of the phosphating compound, it is recommended to coat the surface with organo-silicon varnish (layer thickness 0.01 – 0.05 mm).
Caution: If LCTIC coating is to be applied to a metal surface, temperature of the surface shall be +120°Сmaximum and +6°С minimum, and shall be equal to or higher than the ambient air temperature.
During operations at below-zero temperatures using LCTIC-M (down to minus 15° С), the surface to be coated shall be dry and free of ice. Preparation procedures shall be carried out at above-zero temperatures.
· Brick surface
To ensure good adhesion of the coating, clean the brick surface from salt efflorescence and old loose painting using a spatula and a stiff wire brush; then treat the surface with antiseptic agent (biocide) of appropriate type (for mineral surfaces).
· Limestone/plastered surfaces
For better results, prior to painting fresh plaster, apply a layer of deep-penetrating acrylic primer (this is essentially important for soft, crumbling plastered surfaces). “Old” plaster, if necessary, should be coated with colorless acrylic primer to fill in pores and cavities. The smooth surface will require a lesser quantity of LCTIC, and the LCTIC layer will have more uniform color. Sometimes, in conditions of hot dry climate, prior to applying the coating to a plastered surface without primer, it is necessary to wet the surface with water: this will prevent LCTIC from excessively fast drying-up.
· Chalky surfaces
Before applying LCTIC coating to a chalky surface, wash the surface with a solution of ammonia or soda (1 liter of 25% ammonia per 10 liters of water). Then apply colorless acrylic primer. The surface is ready for painting.
· Concrete surfaces
Clean the surface from dust and dirt (use a brush), mould (use 1:3 lime chloride solution in water), and oil (use bluestone solution).
· Wooden surfaces
Wood tends to be moisture-absorbing, flammable, and apt to bio-deterioration. Therefore, use a primer with fire-retardant and/or biocide additives.
4. Application of LCTIC Coating
There are several methods to apply LCTIC coating to the surface:
· Application using a painting brush
Prior to the first application of LCTIC coating, wet the brush with water and shake off excess water. During further procedures, wet the brush only when it becomes dry. It is recommended to wet the brush only for convenient application of the coating, so that the coating is even and smooth and do not roll up on the hot surface, because the coating is rather dense.
· Application using airless high-pressure spray gun (type ST MAX Graco-495, ST MAX Graco-595, Ultra Max Graco-695, Uitra Max Graco-795, Graco Mark-V, Graco 1095) at operating pressure of 40 to 100 bar. Select the lowest possible operating pressure in the spray gun in order to prevent damage to the spheres during application.
After the work, wash the brushes or spray guns with water thoroughly.
The number of LCTIC layers varies from 2 to 6 depending on the objective. Thickness of 1 layer is 0.3 to 0.5 mm.
NOTE: Actual thickness of each layer and the number of layers depend on the selected method of application, technical parameters of equipment being used, finish of the surface being coated, and skills of the specialists.
Time required for thorough drying of coatings LCTIC at a temperature of +20°С minimum varies depending on air humidity:
At relative humidity of 50% or lower, complete drying takes 6 hours
At relative humidity of over 50%, complete drying takes 12 hours.
At ambient temperature of over +40°C, time for the drying-up of 1 layer may be reduced to 2 hours.
Time for complete hardening of 1 layer of LCTIC-M at below-zero temperature is 10-11 hours.
5. Safety Precautions
When applying LCTIC, wear chemical protective goggles to protect eyes.